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To the world, Toronto is synonymous with conventions, churches, music, and sport. To the Canadian motorist, the name of the Dominion's second city is another word fur vacationland and recreation.
In Toronto there is always something doing. Yacht races, horse shows, skating carnivals hold the spotlight in turn; almost nightly in winter a big-league hockey game is on, and in the summer baseball is popular. Around the city are 32 golf courses, and four race tracks with meets each spring and fall. Popular among vacationers are Sunnyside Beach Amusement Park, with its boardwalk and huge swimming pool, and across the bay, Toronto Islands, a summer resort just a few minutes' ferry trip from the business section.
Musts for sightseers are Casa Lorna, a towering old-world castle with tunnels and secret stairways; the beautiful Provincial Parliament Buildings; the buildings and grounds of the University of Toronto; and the head office of the Canadian Bank of Commerce, tallest building in the British Commonwealth, from which a fine view is obtained.
Connected with the University is the Royal Ontario Museum, famous throughout the world. Other attractions are the Toronto Art Gallery, Riverdale Zoo, Allan Gardens with rare plants, and High Park, a zoo and natural playground of more than 400 acres.
For the historical minded: Old Fort York with its original buildings and restored ramparts, Old Trinity Church and St. James' Cathedral.
Origin of Toronto's name is from an Indian word meaning "place of meeting." Annually, the city is host to upwards of three hundred conventions. The world's largest annual exhibition, the Canadian National Exhibition, is held in late August and early September in Exhibition Park. The Royal Winter Fair, held in the fall, has grown to international importance.
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The Province of Ontario
FROM the Ottawa-St. Lawrence Rivers to the Manitoba border, Ontario stretches some 1,200 miles, and embraces an area of over 412,000 square miles-more than half again as large as Texas. It. is Canada's second province in size, and within its vast area are thriving cities and sleepy villages, mighty waterways and quiet lakes disturbed only by the splash of beavers. Ontario is without peer for the tourist or sportsman. Among so many attractions it is difficult to single out anyone spot more than another, or name any as outstanding for game or fish. Innumerable lakes, rivers, and streams have made the Province unsurpassed for fishing. Hunting, especially in the north, is another sport in which Ontario is continent famous.
Travel is second nature in Ontario where there is one car for each five persons. For them and the more than ten million tourists who visit Ontario each season, 70,000 miles of highway lead the way to diverse topography, climate, and ways of life. Excellent roads transverse the southern portion of the Province, and even in the almost virgin north improved highways exist. One of Ontario's most important traffic arteries is the Queen Elizabeth Way, linking Toronto, Niagara Falls and Fort Erie (Buffalo). This highway takes the driver into the historic and attractive Niagara Peninsula. Points of interest near here include the world's largest hydroelectric plant at Chippewa, the mammoth Welland Ship Canal which joins Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, the incomparable, world renowned Niagara Falls, and the Alexander Graham Bell Homestead in Brantford, scene of the invention of the " telephone.
From Trenton to Kingston, Highway 33 forms an interesting bypass for travellers, with a fine, smooth ride along Lake Ontario. Off shore, from Kingston to Prescott, lie the world-famous Thousand Islands, stretching for more than 50 miles along the broad St. Lawrence River. Accessible by highway, the islands are also traversed by leisurely boat cruises. The Thousand Islands bridge is open all the year, day and night.
Scenic Bruce Peninsula, where the bluffs on Georgian Bay are in sharp contrast with the sandy shores of Lake Huron, may be reached from the "Blue Water Highway." Stretching from Wallaceburg to Orillia, this road carries the motorist through a breeze blown land of inescapable charm. Sarnia, with near-by Point Edward, is one of Ontario's busy Great Lakes ports. At Wasaga Beach, the motorist may drive on a 100 foot wide bed of pure white sand. Three provincial highways merge at Orangeville, a picturesque highland district and a famous trout fishing area. Midland, centre of Huronia, and nearby Penetanguishene are home ports of the "30,000 Island" steamers of Georgian Bay; and a few miles east is Port McNicoll, terminus for the C.P.R. Great Lakes steamships. This section of the bay is one of Canada's best fishing grounds. Near Midland is the famed shrine of the Jesuit Fathers.
To the north lies Parry Sound, on a high rampart overlooking the harbour, the centre of the "30,000 Island" region-renowned resort area. Farther north are the French and Pickerel Rivers and Lake Nipissing, famous for its pickerel, bass, and lake trout, and accessible via Highway 69.
Algonquin Provincial Park comprises nearly 3,000 square miles of the wildest bush and lake country in Ontario, no shooting is allowed here, but the fisherman may find Utopia among its hundreds of lakes and streams. Excellent hotels and camps are to be found in this unspoiled region. Game roams at will so motorists must drive with care on the excellent highway that traverses the park.
A vacationer's paradise is the high altitude 1,000-square-mile Muskoka Lakes district, one of the most famous summer resort areas in the Dominion. Some 14 golf courses, woodland trails, gigantic rocks to climb, swimming, sailing, and dancing draw the vacationer here. An interesting drive is to Port Carling where the canal locks lift boats and cruise steamers from the Muskoka Lake level to the higher waters of Lakes Rosseau and Joseph. In the near-by Lake of Bays region, a delightful steamship cruise or a novel one-mile overland ride on the shortest railway in the world awaits the tourist.
To the southeast lie the Kawartha Lakes, popular summer resort area, and farther north are the Halliburton Highlands, game and fish country with over 500 named lakes scattered about.
The Trans-Continental Highway passes through the Temagami Provincial Forest and skirts the lovely Lake Temagami. In this 4,000,000acre wonderland the tourist may fish, hunt, swim, camp or canoe. Ontario had the honour of completing the, last link in the 4,195-mile highway, the Dominion's coast-to-coast automobile road. The section between Hearst and Geraldton offers unsurpassed views of untouched areas, joins the fabled Temagami forest and the Nipigon country, areas with special appeal for the big game hunter, camper, or vacationist. In Lake of the Woods, Rainy River, Red Lake and Dryden areas, the angler finds some of Ontario's best fishing waters; and the hunter, deer, bear, and a variety of smaller game. Although moose still inhabit many areas of the North, hunting is not permitted and· sportsmen are limited to use of the camera only at present.
Tourist attractions in Ottawa, the Dominion capital, and Toronto, the Provincial capital, are set forth below (refer to above descriptions)